By now, Nikon has completely switched focus from DSLRs to mirrorless with a rapidly growing set of lenses. Canon has made exactly the same transition. Except Pentax, camera companies have moved on from DSLRs to mirrorless. Should you?
I’d like to start by saying that this is not a DSLR vs mirrorless article. Like everyone else, we’ve already written one of those, and truth be told, mirrorless won that debate a while ago. Mirrorless cameras now have countless benefits and vanishingly few drawbacks over DSLRs, at least in specifications and feature sets. Mirrorless is the camera industry, as we’ve said for years now.
However, there’s still a massive audience of photographers who shoot with DSLRs. Maybe that includes you. It certainly includes a few of the writers at Photography Life.
If you’re still shooting with a DSLR, chances are high that you’ve thought about the pros and cons of moving to mirrorless, and maybe you’re not sure about the right path. Is it a good idea to make the leap?
By now, no doubt, you understand the tradeoffs and the cost of switching. So, instead of talking about things like lens lineups or feature sets in this article, I’d like to delve into some of the more nuanced qualities of changing camera systems – the creative differences and reasons why you don’t always need to chase the hype train.
Image Quality; Quality Images
There is no inherent difference between DSLRs and mirrorless cameras in image quality. That said, almost all the R&D money from camera makers is going into mirrorless cameras, so today’s cutting-edge performance is increasingly found on the mirrorless side of things. These come in all forms, including high ISO performance, pixel count, better video features, and dynamic range.
There also is an inherent advantage in designing lenses for mirrorless cameras, thanks to the shorter flange distance and larger diameter mounts of most mirrorless systems. Yet I’ve heard a sentiment like this from some photographers: “I don’t know why, but DSLR photos look better to me.”
On one hand, empirically, DSLR photos aren’t any better. Heck, if you shoot a DSLR in live view – or, say, rip out the mirror – you’re already effectively shooting with a mirrorless camera. I guarantee there’s not a person reading this article who can reliably tell the difference between a DSLR photo and a mirrorless photo in a side-by-side test (given the same sensor, like the Nikon D780 vs Z6 II).
But, somehow, the “DSLR photos look better” sentiment feels truer than it should, especially to some photographers and DSLR holdouts. When I squint, I can see it too: that perhaps the average quality of photos has gone down in the mirrorless age, even looking at work from the same photographers.
If that’s true, it has nothing to do with sensor differences. Any difference would be the result of process. It’s the same reason why I’ve never once taken a decent photo with my phone, even though many other photographers have. Quite simply, I don’t put in the right effort, since I use my phone as a tool for quick snapshots and nothing else.
Today’s mirrorless cameras are more competent than DSLRs. They are also easier to carry along and use in a mobile workflow. They incentivize faster, more image production and sharing. 11 FPS used to be flagship-level speed in the DSLR world, and now, when an entry-level mirrorless camera boasts that number, I call the camera uninspiring.
I was struck by a reader’s comment on one of Libor’s recent articles: “You asked: How often do I take out my camera? Answer: For me it has been months. I have a backlog of 50K unprocessed NEFs to go through; plus thousands of inherited photos from a dead relative. Frankly I’m overwhelmed by the backlog.”
The glut is real. It stops us from going out and practicing photography; it shuts us down. Or, if it doesn’t shut us down, it leads us to give each photo less attention than it deserves, since we’re working with so many photos in total.
DSLRs can lead to this problem, too, but I doubt I’m alone in realizing that I take more photos with mirrorless on a typical outing than I did with a DSLR. I pull my mirrorless camera out more often in the first place, since it’s less hassle – and each time I do, I take more photos than I would before.
In other words, the “cost of a photo” is even lower with mirrorless than it was with DSLRs. The Nikon Z9 doesn’t even have a mechanical shutter, and so you don’t have to worry about the camera failing at several hundred thousand shots.
This isn’t a complaint, for the most part. I’m thrilled that photography is more affordable and accessible these days; experimentation is also more feasible, and difficult subjects like birds in flight are easier to capture than ever before.
But it’s a different experience of photography. In a way, a speed bump has been removed. With mirrorless, if you don’t consciously think about slowing down and taking the best possible photo, it’s easier to take “happenstance” pictures – and a lot of them. It’s also easy to spend insufficient time post-processing your better photographs, since you have more ground to cover and always more photos to process.
That’s why, even though the image quality of mirrorless matches or exceeds that of DSLRs, the quality of an image may not. I don’t think this should scare you away from switching; in the right hands, the better technology of mirrorless cameras can allow you to broaden and maybe even improve your work. However, better photos aren’t inevitable just because your gear is newer or has better specs.
The Experience of Photography
Do you remember those viral teasers for the Nikon Df before it was officially announced? A lone landscape photographer in the middle of who knows where, Scotland maybe, at peace as he took a photo through the camera’s viewfinder. “Pure photography,” “No clutter, no distractions” – man did those teasers draw attention. Photographers speculated that the Df wouldn’t have a rear LCD, or that it would use dials for everything and eliminate the menu. I don’t think I’ve ever refreshed Nikon Rumors so often.
The Df’s eventual release didn’t meet those lofty expectations, but that’s beside the point. What Nikon had touched on, maybe without realizing it, was the importance of the experience of photography.
Leica is onto something here with their marketing, too. It’s not just image quality or features that matter in a camera. There’s also the spark that makes you want to pick up the camera in the first place and really look forward to taking pictures.
I’m not saying that the only possible source of the “spark” is the camera itself – or that a DSLR has that spark, and mirrorless doesn’t. I know plenty of mirrorless photographers who feel more enthusiastic about photography than they ever did with a DSLR, because now they look forward to taking their lightweight gear places they would never go with a bulkier kit.
But for some photographers, “bringing out the big camera” and “taking it slow” are part of their process of photography. I know I’m like that, maybe even too much. If you’ve read Photography Life regularly, you probably know that I’ve been using large and ultra-large format cameras for most of my recent landscape photography. I’m often using these cameras instead of digital, for reasons that are only tangentially related to image quality. The main reason is that I’ve found a process I adore, that makes me excited to take pictures again.
There’s a rarely-spoken impulse behind most discussions about camera equipment: that the ultimate goal is to get the lightest possible kit that excels at what you photograph. That’s a reasonable goal to aim for, and it’s something that mirrorless does well. But it’s not the only decent direction you can take as a photographer.
Sometimes, it’s better to aim for a process that you enjoy, even at the expense of the camera’s weight, features, or speed. And there’s no denying that the process is different between shooting with a mirrorless camera compared to a DSLR. There’s the difference in the viewfinder, for one, and there’s also the difference in the time and effort it takes to use the camera (with less effort not always being a more enjoyable experience).
If you’ve found your rhythm as a DSLR photographer, I think switching to mirrorless may be wrong for you. To gain a lighter bag and a set of features you’ll rarely use, is it worth giving up that spark? Surely not. To many photographers, the “experience of photography” makes a bigger difference to the quality of their photos than the camera’s feature set, because it’s a more direct factor in how much they enjoy taking pictures, and how often they do so.
Conclusion and Recommendations
Mirrorless cameras are the overwhelming present. The only new DSLRs will come from Pentax if Ricoh finds the market big enough to keep making them. If you’re intent on getting a new and improved camera, or you need to replace your old camera, mirrorless is the way to go these days.
But this article is not targeted at photographers who constantly need the newest specs in the world for their work – most of whom have switched to mirrorless already. Instead, it’s targeted at photographers who use a DSLR at the moment, see all sorts of headlines about mirrorless features, and wonder if it’s time to overhaul a DSLR kit that they’re broadly happy with. My answer is no.
If you still shoot with a DSLR and enjoy it, you don’t need to buy into the hype and switch. You probably do need to accept that DSLR development won’t go much further in the future, but that’s not so bad if it’s already developed enough for your needs.
If you switch to mirrorless, your “quality of images” isn’t guaranteed to improve at all, even if the camera has better features. I say you should find a process that works for you, stick with it, and not worry so much about gear. That’s the easiest way to jump off the advertising/hype train and focus your attention on actual photography.
What if you’ve already switched to mirrorless, and you’re just reading this article for fun? Good on you. I suspect you switched for a reason, and for most of you, the high performance of today’s mirrorless cameras has probably exceeded your expectations.
It did for me. I adore my mirrorless + large format film kit for the flexibility, image quality, and process I’m getting these days. But at the same time, I’ve had to be mindful of slowing down and thinking through my photos so that I don’t take too many smartphone-style snapshots with my Z7.
In the comments, I’d like to hear from you if you still shoot with a DSLR. Are you feeling left behind with all the mirrorless content online these days? Or, is “jumping off the hype train” giving you more time to go out and shoot, and be satisfied with the gear you already have? I’m sure the cost of switching plays a role for many photographers, but hardly all of them; the DSLR is still the tool of choice for many professionals and others. If that includes you, I hope this article gave you a better sense of when it might be time to switch, and when it’s time to stay.
I expected this article to be somewhat popular, because gear discussions and mirrorless vs DSLR in particular usually are! Even so, the number of comments has outpaced my expectations. I can’t respond to every comment I got this time, but I’m reading all of them and am grateful for the interesting and thoughtful responses so far. The dozens of replies I wrote will be easiest to see by sorting the comments by “Oldest” instead of “Newest” below. Thank you! -Spencer
I have a D7500 and Z5. I’ve yet to warm to the Z5 (I think it a fair comparison because they cost the same as new). That’s partly because I find the aps-c ‘crop factor’ such a good thing from the cost/portability point of view. I can use sensibly-priced, high-quality lenses like the 70-200/f4 and 300/f4 for greater ‘reach’. And the D7500 has very good action AF for which, with mirrorless, I’d need a much dearer Z6II.
I tend to use the Z5 for wide landscapes and portraits only: a modest slice of my subject-matter.
I’m very disappointed that Nikon has completely ignored high-end aps-c. For the amateur, I think it trumps 35mm.
I have 2 d500s and course, nikon has discontinued them. so if the shutter goes out, there’s no guarantee I can get it repaired. I’m not sold on the auto focus for mirrorless, nor do I have the money to switch. so I’m kind of stuck in a moment I can’t get out of, to quote U2. actually it’s stressful even thinking about it and I really don’t enjoy photography that much anymore, it’s just part of my job.
I’ve had a D850 and D500 since they became available. I see no reason to switch to mirrorless given I do not believe the quality of my photographs would improve enough to justify the expense. A couple of the Z9 features are very attractive, but not $5500 attractive. Hoping the Z8 shows up at a lower price point with most of the Z9 bling. That might make me switch, we’ll see.
I think a lot of us, me included, spend too much time deciding whether we want to switch from a perfectly functioning DSLR camera system to a mirrorless camera and too little time deciding where would be a nice place to go shoot. I blame a lot of it on you tube channels that are constantly promoting the latest and greatest. I’ve been shooting with my D810 since 2015, have a full assortment of FX lenses, and know deep down it would be foolish to even think about going out and six or seven grand for a Z7 and new lenses, or even a D850 for that matter. If my D810 should go out and not be worth fixing then it will be time to decide what to do. But what I have done was buy the little Z50 kit that I use for hiking or to take on vacations when I’m not doing a lot of photography. I feel this gives me the best of both worlds for not a lot of extra money. I really hope my D810 lasts me many more years because I’ll never give it up.
I very much enjoyed this article. I currently own a Nikon D700 that I have really enjoyed. My dilemma is that I have had to have the camera repaired in the last year. Since this camera has been out over 10 years, and parts are becoming harder to find, I want to get a new camera. I have a friend who is a professional photographer, and he swears by his Sony mirrorless camera. I am 69 years old, and I don’t want to have to invest in new lenses. So, that said, I am looking at the Nikon D780 or the D850 since I can use my current lenses. I was wondering if I was, but your article has put me at ease. Thank you!
I see your point but I also have an opposite thought. I’ve shot with a Nikon D750 for about 10 years and still love the camera. But last year I realized I rarely even picked it up except when I was doing a trip primarily for photography, largely because it seemed too much gear to haul around for casual use, especially if I was with others who would not be keen on standing in one place for an hour while I worked on shots. But I missed photography, so last fall, I started thinking of other options and now have a Fuji XT3 and, as of last week, an XT5. I took the XT3 on two international trips this year, when gear weight was an issue and found the spark I had years ago. I was enthusiastic about shooting again.
So you are right that shifting to mirrorless has removed an impediment but for me that is a good thing. And I also agree that the time spent alone shooting is important both for image quality and my mental health. With smaller gear, I’m getting back to wanting to carve out the time to be creative.
Loved the way this article is angled and also balanced. Cameras are just tools, which you chose to select and use with a type of work and outcome in mind. My 1st experience with mirrorless was with a Fujifilm X100s, which I had purchased a week before touring the northern regions of Ethiopia (at the time I also owned a Nikon d300s, Nikon D2Xs, Olympus E3, which I took along). I had ample time to experiment with the X100s and was able to quickly decide which tool to use for which kind of photo and effect I wanted. I later added an Olympus OMD-E-5, which I loved to bits. The mirrorless became my street photography companions while the dslr’s were kept for action and landscape, as well as events photography. One has to choose what he wants to do with his photography and adapt, chose the right tools, even if this means shooting across different systems. the key is the process, the tools are just an accessory.
Draw attention to the viewer’s eye.That’s the photographer’s mission.The tool is just your eye’s extension.Combine what ever equipment you think is best for your goal.
A bit late to the party, but I do love my D850. Would love Nikon to make one last DSLR to replace this camera. I will then be happy as
i.m a german professional Fotographer. Last year i had to do a portrait shooting at f1,4. My D810 is a wonderful Camera, but the Sigma Art 1,4 50 i own is a bit unreliable in Focus accuracy.
I had abad time doing the job and after finishing it, i sold the Sigma right away. Then i wanted to try the Z and bought a Z5 with 1,8 50mm for really less money.
My D810 and my old D700 are tanks. Especially with the motor mounted. The Z5 is like a toy.
I enjoy the monitor at the back, use it quite often to get a more comfortable position while shooting wedding and groups. i‘m 6“10, and shooting downwards is very unpleasing for the perspective of people.
Somehow, i struggle a lot with my little toy, but i think, time will help me to like it more.
The z adapter is king. All my Art lenses are working fine on the Z5.
Especially at f 1,4.
Maybe i will buy a second Z, a 7, (8) or 9, i don‘t know. Then i will move to the original Z Lenses. I‘m on my way.