While travelling in Tuscany one must rent a car and go between Siena, Florence and Genoa off-highway. This way you will be exposed to beautiful vallyes, e.g. Val d’Orcia, meadows, cypress hills etc. Tuscany is a dreamland for landscape photographers and therefore I recommend them to take a tripod, wide angle lens and graduated-density filters.
Toscany is a region of Italy with a strong history. Siena is in the center of Toscany and its cathedral is impressive. Close to it, you can climb to a watchtower. The rules are strict: I don’t remember all the details, but it is something like “you go to the top 10 by 10, spend 5 minutes there, and come back”. In fact, they don’t really have a choice since the stairs are narrow and the space in the top is small. However, it is worth it, you have an impressive 360° view. While you are in Toscany, be sure to enjoy the vineyards and the other cities around.
The cathedral of Firenze is worth the visit. You can climb the campanile to see it and the city from above. Since it is a touristic place, you may want to go there early if you are visiting during the summer. Moreover you will avoid the heat and the strong shadows. Bring a wide-angle lens; a trans-standard will also be useful.
This bridge may be one of the most famous in the world. It is interesting to cross (of course), but to capture it in full you need to be on another bridge. The “Ponte all Grazie” is the one where you want to go (on the East). The other one (on the West) will provide a less interesting view of the bridge. Early morning or sunset will provide nice opportunities. A tripod is not needed since you can put your camera on the bridge.
The Pisa tower is very famous, and in most of the pictures you will see it alone. However, there is a cathedral and a battistero just behind that (I think) should be captured as well. It is very crowded during the summer hours, so as always you may want to go there early or be very patient while you are there. All kinds of pictures can be taken so a wide variety of focal lens will be useful.
The park of Cinque Terre (part of the UNESCO World Heritage) is a real post-card. I really recommend to try to see the villages from different viewpoint, that’s why walking between villages and then taking a boat is a nice idea. If you want to capture the villages from the boat, use high shutter speed to compensate the boat motion. Regarding focal lens, wide-angle and tele-zoom will be useful.
Especially at night, Salerno uncloaks its really nice nightlife. The park in city center bathes in the light of multiple works of art. When you go through the small alleys, you can discover tiny taverns, extraordinary shops and a several hundred years old city architecture.
The archaeological site contains three Dorian temples (Hera, Athene and Poseidon, between 540 – 450 before Christ). Furthermore, you can visit a little amphitheater. In my opinion, the site shines most at dusk because the sun goes down at the right position behind the temples. Despite that, the relics are beautiful illuminated at night. As always, I suggest carrying a tripod for low light conditions.
Located in the beatiful Campania region, Naples is the third largest Italian city and is one of the oldest human settlements of the world, being inhabitated since 3000 BC.
Along time, Naples has lost its good fame and economic position (the first Italian railroad has been built in this area), and eventually the city became the center of one of the biggest mafia. Despite its ugly fame about criminals and litter, Naples actually has a lot more in store! From the stereotypes about the people, of which most are actually true (i.e. people chatting between balconies and eating in the streets etc.), to the value of the architecture of the Old Town.
I recently visited Florence. Being a one-day trip, I had to rely on luck to find good photography spots. I have crossed this bridge something like four times, but only on the third I realized that, with sunset, it would have become a good spot for shooting the Ponte Vecchio, with the sun sinking down in one of the arches. So I came back the fifth time half an hour before sunset and realized that my predictions were inaccurate: I only had flare and glare and no clouds to cover the sun nor a GND with me. Luckily, while I was waiting for a change (which did not come) of the light, I noticed an heron flying on the water.