Atacama Desert

Image 39 flamingos enjoying the view

Photo Spot Summary

Country: Chile

Category: Landscape

GPS Latitude: -23.863419

GPS Longitude: -69.132851


To get to the Atacama Desert, you should fly into Santiago, Chile. From there, take a two hour connecting flight to Calama. You can rent a car or hire a driver from Calama to the Atacama Desert - it is about an hour long drive.

Photo Spot Details

The Atacama Desert in Chile offers a wide variety of photographic opportunities – from vast landscapes to wildlife. It is a must-visit location if you are traveling to Chile.

Being married to a university professor has its advantages (and disadvantages, but this is not the time or place…), the most important being the international conferences and research trips. After-all, if one airline ticket and hotel is already paid for, it makes sense to buy another ticket and make a holiday of it, right? So when my wife announced a research visit to Chile in 2013, I didn’t need much encouragement to join her once most of her work was done. The only condition was that she would still need to spend several days of our time together working, and during that time I would be her “official photographer”. Since these “work days” would be at abandoned nitrate mines in the middle of the Atacama desert, you might wonder what the attraction was – but the prospect of “leisure” days looking at volcanoes, salt lakes and mountains soon persuaded me.

Image 1 Salar de Surire
NIKON D800 @ 70mm, ISO 200, 1/500, f/8.0

This was the first serious trip for my beloved Nikon D800, with a trio of lenses – Nikon 16-35mm f4, Nikon 24-70mm f2.8, and Sigma 120-400mm. And having taken notice of people (especially Thom Hogan) saying your shooting discipline has to be sky-high to take full advantage of the camera, I also packed tripod and remote-release, and used the 3” shutter delay wherever possible. Were the results worth it? Read on…

Our first stop was Copiapo, a mining town.

Image 3 Copiapo
NIKON D800 @ 38mm, ISO 100, 1/125, f/8.0

Not hugely interesting (with one exception), but a useful base for day-trips up into the Andes. Here’s the exception. Remember the Chile mine rescue – where they drilled an emergency shaft and pulled the 31 trapped miners up, one at a time? This is the actual rescue pod they squeezed into:

Image 5 Mine rescue pod
NIKON D800 @ 26mm, ISO 400, 1/400, f/5.6

And the real reason for staying in Copiapo? – a couple of hours drive away, up into the mountains.

Image 7 Andes near Copiapo
NIKON D800 @ 22mm, ISO 100, 1/100, f/8.0

So much to shoot! From amazing vistas to stunning details. At this altitude, the air is crystal clear, and the light amazing. Apart from one minibus which showed up, and left within 20 minutes, we and our guide had the place to ourselves. Can you imagine that in Yosemite?

Image 8 Salar de Maricunga
NIKON D800 @ 56mm, ISO 100, 1/200, f/8.0

Next day was a trip to the coast. Miles of pristine beaches – but deserted.

Image 12 PN Azucar
NIKON D800 @ 32mm, ISO 100, 1/320, f/8.0

Maybe not so surprising when you realise the water is freezing cold. Cold enough for a colony of Humboldt Penguins…

Image 13 Humboldt Penguins
NIKON D800 @ 400mm, ISO 400, 1/2500, f/5.6

Though the pelicans might have preferred a bit more warmth…

Image 14 PN Azucar pelicans
NIKON D800 @ 270mm, ISO 400, 1/6400, f/5.6

After Copiapo, we flew up to Iquique, situated like the other (few and far between) coastal cities on a narrow strip of land at the base of a 3000 foot slope.

Image 15 Iquique, down below
NIKON D800 @ 70mm, ISO 100, 1/200, f/6.3

It might look like a great place for a beach holiday (and it is popular with Chileans) – but with a cold sea and regular earthquakes (tsunami evacuation routes are clearly marked!), I don’t suppose it will rival Miami or Rio anytime soon.

Then a few days of work and my duties as ‘official photographer’ – more on that in another post? OK, maybe a couple of desert vistas for now:

Image 18 Atacama
NIKON D800 @ 24mm, ISO 100, 1/400, f/5.6

Next holiday stop was San Pedro de Atacama. A few miles out, we came across this ‘salar’ (salt lake/flat) just by the side of the road:

Image 21 Salar near San Pedro with cola bottle
NIKON D800 @ 36mm, ISO 100, 1/160, f/6.3

San Pedro is a tourist town, full of back-packers (and new-agers), but still pretty, with everything low-rise and using local materials

Image 22 San Pedro de Atacama
NIKON D800 @ 44mm, ISO 100, 1/100, f/6.3

One of the big draws (OK, the big draw) of San Pedro is a pre-sunrise trip up (14 000’) to the El Tatio geysers. These vents are only ‘active’ from an hour or two before sunrise until an hour or so after. Shooting was a real challenge, from the dark (pre-sunrise, remember?), to the freezing temperatures, the hordes of people getting in your shots, and (once the sun appeared) the extreme dynamic range. It was El Tatio more than anywhere else that convinced me I’d made the right choice with the D800. I think the extreme range of this shot – from the disc of the sun through the steam, to black (to the naked eye) shadows on the ground, with nothing lost or blown out – is something only the D800 could have captured.

Image 23 El Tatio sunrise
NIKON D800 @ 31mm, ISO 250, 1/4000, f/4.5

I will confess – fumbling around in the cold and dark, I did end up hitting the White Balance (rather than ISO) button, and switching to something weird. The rest of that day’s photos looked rather more dramatic than intended – thank goodness for the easy re-set in Capture NX2!

Image 25 El Tatio geysers
NIKON D800 @ 24mm, ISO 250, 1/800, f/6.3

The geysers are not the only draw from San Pedro. To the south is the Salar de Atacama, the biggest salt flat in Chile:

Image 30 Salar de Atacama
NIKON D800 @ 70mm, ISO 125, 1/10, f/3.5

To the south-east, the twin lakes of Miscanti and Miniques:

Image 31 Laguna Miniques
NIKON D800 @ 18mm, ISO 200, 1/125, f/8.0
Image 32 Laguna Miscanti
NIKON D800 @ 20mm, ISO 100, 1/50, f/8.0

To the east, and up into the Andes, more lakes and volcanos:

Image 36 Andes east of San Pedro
NIKON D800 @ 16mm, ISO 250, 1/200, f/7.1

And to the west, the Valley of the Moon:

Image 37 Valley of the Moon
NIKON D800 @ 24mm, ISO 100, 1/4, f/8.0

For the final chunk of holiday, we headed up to Arica, on the border with Peru. From there, our guides took us back up into the mountains for more volcanos, lakes and wildlife – and again, no other humans in sight…

Image 38 Vizcacha waiting for lunch
NIKON D800 @ 70mm, ISO 100, 1/500, f/4.5
Image 39 flamingos enjoying the view
NIKON D800 @ 70mm, ISO 100, 1/320, f/8.0
Image 42 colonial heritage, Chile-style
NIKON D800 @ 32mm, ISO 100, 1/400, f/7.1

So how did the gear perform? Well, the Nikon D800 and the Nikon 24-70mm f/2.8 were great and I love the results (though now I have the stunning Sigma 24-35mm Art, I can’t help wondering how much better they could have been). The Nikon 16-35mm f/4 was disappointing – not so much the quality, but more the range. Somehow 16mm was never quite wide enough, so as soon as we got home, it was traded in for the Nikon 14-24mm f/2.8 – an absolutely amazing lens, which always draws looks and comments from other photographers, especially with the huge Fotodiox 145mm filter out front!

The Sigma 120-400mm was a real let down. It used to produce acceptable results on my old D300S, but it’s nowhere near sharp enough for the merciless D800. Did I mention days doing “work” photography? – to my surprise, they were amazing too! But I think that must wait for the next post…

About Alan Mosley

To see more of Alan Mosley's work, visit his online gallery.

Reader Interactions


  1. Rodrigo Escuti
    August 12, 2016 at 10:21 am

    Hermosas fotografías! felicitaciones.

  2. Greg V.
    August 10, 2016 at 10:51 am

    Ah, a gallery after my own heart! In fact, it looks like we covered many of the same locations ;-) (check the specific galleries for Copiapó, San Pedro, and Lauca areas)

    Me and my travel partner also climbed some volcanoes and ventured into Bolivia to visit the world’s largest salt flats. If you want to see a best-of gallery, you may find a varied selection here:

    I really would like to go back to use my improved gear and technique!

    • Greg V.
      August 10, 2016 at 11:10 am

      By the way, one thing our pictures don’t show is how harsh the conditions usually are up on the high plateau – a combination of hard dry wind, freezing temperatures at night, and of course low amounts of oxygen… I found out the hard way that it’s not a great idea to drive from sea level directly up to 4600m, and sleep at 4300m on the first night. :-) So to those wanting to go there: my advice would be to not sleep at altitudes higher than 3000m the first night, and take your time to acclimatize before sleeping above 4000m. Also: sunscreen, lip balm, and good sunglasses! On the organizational front: if you can, rent a 4×4 – I’ve never been so frustrated as when we took a guided group trip to El Tatio, and the bus driver didn’t want to stop when we saw a group of Vicunas right in front of the geysers with great back-lighting. For the first chapter of our trip we had rented a car, and the times we stopped out of the blue because we saw another jaw-dropping scenery were countless. Some of the best scenes we came across aren’t mentioned in any travel/hiking guide, so be prepared for lots of unexpected photo ops!

      • sceptical1
        August 11, 2016 at 3:22 am

        Hi Greg,
        You are so right to let people know about issues with altitude / oxygen. Some people react really badly to this and it seems like it doesn’t matter much about physical condition. Thanks for the other tips as well.

  3. Nicolás Illanes
    August 10, 2016 at 6:28 am

    Thanks! It feels great to see such beautiful pictures of my country.
    You’ve seen the desert, now I recommend you travel south to see the rainforest ;).

    • Alan Mosley
      August 10, 2016 at 12:48 pm

      Thanks Nicolas. We are counting the days until we can return!

  4. Mike S
    August 10, 2016 at 4:05 am

    Hi Alan,

    Thanks for posting, much enjoyed your images and commentary. It’s good to know that there are still places worth going to which are not fully on the tourist map!

  5. Greg
    August 10, 2016 at 1:43 am

    Using a polarising filter with a wide lens results in a “strange” looking sky- a part of it becomes extremely dark blue.

  6. matin
    August 9, 2016 at 10:05 pm

    Wonderful, the location is similar to my native place LADAKH, India. Many times I invited the Photographic team to visit this unique tourist place.

  7. Tom Blouin
    August 9, 2016 at 7:07 pm

    Thanks for your fascinating article and beautiful fotos! I wish I could do something similar the next time we sit Colombia.

  8. Vinnie
    August 9, 2016 at 5:40 pm

    Hi Alan,

    Great post. I really enjoyed the photos, and your writing describing your expedition to the various locales that you visited.


  9. Peter G
    August 9, 2016 at 5:30 pm

    Nice article. Good to see that you have a Nikon 14~24mm lens. Its an amazing piece of work. I’ve owned mine since 2010. The results are always interesting.

    Capture NX2. My software of choice as well. :-)

    I have the Lucroit Filter Holder for my Nikon 14-24 lens….

    Thought for a while I was reading about the TopGear TV show when they drove across that area . Worth viewing if you can ever see it.

  10. Muhammad Omer
    August 9, 2016 at 2:11 pm

    Amazing photos and location Alan. Is this the san pedro madonna sings about in “La isla bonita”?. You indeed showed great discipline here.

  11. Robert
    August 9, 2016 at 1:34 pm

    Great photos and text Alan! Have been there (around San Pedro) this July and rented a car – it is truly an amazing place, and I really can’t wait to go back again!

  12. Judit
    August 9, 2016 at 12:04 pm

    Very nice article, must have been quite a trip. I enjoyed the images very much. The geysers are stunning, well worth the early rise :)

  13. Sara
    August 9, 2016 at 10:14 am

    It’s hard to realize how other-worldly the Atacama is until you see it in photos like this. Good stuff, and I hope you’ll post more of it.

    • Alan Mosley
      August 9, 2016 at 12:57 pm

      Yes, I couldn’t believe it when our flight to Santiago flew over the Andes – the colours down below looked completely unreal! I have submitted another post about my ‘work’ days in the Atacama, so keep looking!

  14. Jim
    August 9, 2016 at 10:09 am

    Great pics of a very interesting place. For landscapes there is frequently an easy workaround for the “not wide enough” problem. Just do a couple of images and stitch them together. I use the 16-35mm lens for pictures easily covering 180 degrees and more. I really liked the geyser pic. The extreme range problem you encountered can be solved by bracketing the exposure. Tough to do in the dark, but if the camera is already set up to take bracketed shots the technical aspect in the field is not bad.

    • Alan Mosley
      August 9, 2016 at 12:43 pm

      Glad you liked them Jim! I hear what you are saying about stitching – I did shoot several ‘stitched’ panoramas, but there is just something about holding that 14-24mm up to your eye and seeing almost the whole world in your viewfinder (OK, I exaggerate). It’s a really fun lens to use (even if crazily distorted at times!), and for me, it just seemed to have something ‘special’ that the 16-35mm didn’t. Each to his own…
      As for the geysers, I don’t know whether bracketing (I assume you mean combining later with HDR software) would have worked. Bear in mind that the steam clouds were moving, and I wanted to keep the definition in them. I did buy some HDR software (Oloneo PhotoEngine) a couple of years ago, and I’ve never been hugely impressed with the results. If what you want is a ‘natural’ look rather than ‘HDR’, I found I could usually get just as good results taking just one of the bracketed frames and using the levels & curves in NX2. Maybe I just need to try a bit harder – if you know of any decent online tutorials for the Oloneo, I’d love to hear!

      • Jim
        August 9, 2016 at 1:53 pm

        There might be a couple of way to proceed with bracketed photos. In the HDR program Photmatix Pro you can outline areas that have motion and it usually removes it, which might work. I don’t remember trying something quite like your geyser situation. Also in Photomatix Pro, one of the development choices is Fusion, which does pretty much what its name implies. Does not give the “HDR look.” Alternatively you might be able to blend bracketed pics with masks in PS type programs. As it is, you don’t have any detail in the foreground, which may have been as intended, but brackets will help recover detail if you want it.

  15. MC
    August 9, 2016 at 9:44 am

    Wow, lot’s of very nice images here and a great travelogue of your journey. What a beautiful place. The view of Iquique is incredible.

    • Alan Mosley
      August 9, 2016 at 12:53 pm

      Hi MC. The view of Iquique was amazing, and the landscape is typical of that part of the coast – a narrow strip of land (varying from zero to about a mile wide) at sea level, then a 2500-3000 foot steep hill up to the plateau. Looks stunning, but not somewhere you would want to be when one of the (frequent) earthquakes strikes. If there is any danger of tsunami, the only safe place is up that bank, and there is only one main road up there! Incidentally, the bit at the bottom left is a 300 foot sandbank, which sits immediately above a housing area…

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