Nature Photography Tips

One of the most exciting things about running a photography site is getting to know people from all over the world. Holger Wagner, a nature photographer from Germany, contact me about two years ago on photographing birds in Florida. After reading my articles on how to photograph birds and my post on Florida birding near Orlando, he contacted me for suggestions and my favorite spots.

After he came back from his trip, he sent me some stunning pictures that he captured in Florida. While browsing through his website, I checked out some of his other work and within minutes, I realized that I am looking at the work of a very talented photographer. I immediately emailed him again and asked to write a guest post, because I felt that his photography had to be shared with the photography community. Unfortunately, he got extremely busy with traveling and photography, so he did not have a chance to do it then. During the last two years, he kept on sending me his beautiful pictures. So a couple of weeks ago I sent another request and I was finally able to persuade him to write a guest post, along with some of his beautiful pictures. Enjoy!

Dear photography friends and readers of the Photography Life blog,

This is my first guest post ever and it’s an honor for me to write here. English isn’t my first language, so I apologize for any grammar mistakes in advance.

My name is Holger Wagner and I live in Aachen, Germany. I am a professional photographer that enjoys nature and loves photographing landscapes and wildlife. I’m grateful to have had the opportunity to visit some of the most beautiful photography places in the world throughout my career. The US Southwest, with its breathtaking landscapes, Florida – a birders paradise, Iceland and Norway in Northern Europe are some of my most favorite places to shoot.

My online research on how to capture birds led me to this informative site. Nasim not only shared some very useful tips in his birding articles, but when I contacted him, he was even kind enough to share his special and favorite destinations in Florida. This helped me so much in preparing my trips carefully and to come home with more “keepers” than I ever expected.

What photography means to me is always to capture the beauty that surrounds me. It is the light, the colors, the composition and the mood in every particular situation. With my Nikon DSLR, I always shoot in RAW in 14-bit to get the best out of every single image. With that said, I post process all my images carefully. Subtle, yet significant, is my goal with each image. I always follow my own quote “Releasing the shutter button is just the beginning of a great photograph”. As photographers, we are all artists as well, whether we create stunning portraits, commercial, wildlife or landscape images. We live in this beautiful digital age that gives us all the tools we can try and find out what works and what doesn’t. It is all bound to our own taste and style, our own appreciation and interpretation of beauty.

I’d like to show you a couple of my images here with some information and if you have any questions or comments, please feel free to get in touch with me. I would love to get some feedback.

When I got started with landscape photography, I went to the beautiful Southwest region of the United States. The amazing sandstone formations in Utah and Arizona are so unique, that I immediately fell in love with them. Until today, it is one of my favorite places for shooting landscapes.

Here is a tip I would like to share with you that can help when you feel overwhelmed with beautiful landscapes. As photography enthusiasts, we are so passionate, that we see all this great scenery and just want to capture it all at once in its grand beauty. Sometimes it works great, but I mostly try to simplify and narrow the focus. This is a composition rule that always works as I found out. Here I photographed the Vermillion Cliffs in Arizona as a single scene with a wide-angle lens:

Vermilion Cliffs Wide

But then I walked closer in to separate the famous “Wave”:

The Wave 1

And even closer to capture just a part of these colorful sandstone wonders:

The Wave 2

When you travel, I highly recommend to get in touch with locals or guides if you really want special photographs. This is what pros always do. Without a friendly Navajo on a guided trip through Antelope Canyon near Page, AZ, I would have never gotten this image here:

Antelope Canyon

Shooting wildlife is often much more challenging than shooting landscapes, because most wild animals are very shy. But some will be either curious or won’t care if you photograph them. Here, I was photographing a pelican in Florida right at the beach. A man was fishing and the pelican tried to get something the easy way. It was a good opportunity for me, so I got in pretty close and the pelican did not seem to care. I laid flat on my belly to get this interesting perspective. Try to shoot in a dramatic angle to get more dynamic and more interesting pictures.

Brown Pelican

Florida’s Golf Coast is a great place to photograph birds. You can get really close to your subjects, which makes the spot so popular among birders:

Bird Angle

Another great place for birding is the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Most photographers travel there at the end of the year to shoot tens of thousands of sandhill cranes and arctic geese as they feed on corn during the day and spend the night in nearby lakes and ponds:

Sandhill Cranes

Early in the morning, the cranes can be really frozen with their legs in the ponds until the sun rises and melts the ice. This was so interesting to observe. You can see the ice ring here that encloses the leg of this crane:

Sandhill Crane in Flight

When photographing raptors, hiring a guide can be immensely helpful. Here, I was shooting sea eagles in Norway. We had to go out by boat each day for a couple of hours in the morning and in the evening to capture these huge and majestic animals. Well-prepared with your equipment, you have to wait until an eagle comes and grabs the thrown fish. It happens within seconds, even if the eagle is sitting hundreds of meters away and observes you and the boat. This is a thrilling, indescribable once in a lifetime adventure!

Sea Eagle 1

Sea Eagle 2

Sea Eagle 3

Capturing golden eagles needs serious patience and it is often only possible from a hide. Everything happens so fast, that it’s always a surprise. And because they’re extremely shy, you even hold the breath in the first moments. If you are lucky, they might sometimes stay for an hour or longer. You often cannot even move yourself inside the hide or they will fly away. They have eagle eyes!

Golden Eagle on Fox

Northern Europe is also a great place for shooting landscapes and wildlife. Iceland is one of the top destinations here. The weather kitchen of Europe offers spectacular landscapes and wildlife as well. Even the Iceland horses, not wildlife at all, are great subjects to photograph. And during the mid summer time, ideal lighting conditions for photography are almost endless.


Iceland Landscape

Iceland Horse

I really appreciate the opportunity to write about my photography passion here at Photography Life. I’m sure that photography brings people together worldwide, cross-cultural and peaceful – and that’s the best thing of being a part of it.

Holger Wagner

You can see some more amazing pictures by Holder Wagner on his website and his blog. His travel videos can be found here.

  • Oded Shopen

    Wow, what an amazing set of photos. Truly inspirational!

    Did you use a polarising filter for the landscape shots?

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Oded,

      thank you for the kind words. No, I didn’t use a polarizer. I always check my exposure carefully on spot and do everything else in post with adjustment layers for example.

      All the best,

  • Homer

    Hallo Holger, truly speaking: what a compelling shots, great job!!!!!!
    Please, let us know about the model of your Nikon and lens you used to take the pictures above.
    Well, I would like to underline that Nasim not only is a very skillful photographer but a person always willing to share his knowledge and experience in a way that even a toddler can get it. That is what all of his readers appreciate so much!!!


    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Homer,

      thank you for your friendly comment and the words about Nasim.

      The images in the Southwest were taken with a Nikon D300 and a AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor 12-24mm f/4G IF-ED.
      For the Florida birds I used a Nikon D3s and a AF-S NIKKOR 500mm f/4G ED VR.
      The sea eagles in Norway with Nikon D3s and AF-S NIKKOR 200-400mm f/4G ED VR II for more flexibility in the boat.
      Golden Eagle with Nikon D3s and AF-S NIKKOR 500mm f/4G ED VR.
      Iceland Landscape with Nikon D300 and AF-S NIKKOR 14-24mm f/2.8G ED.
      Iceland Horse and Puffin with Nikon D300 and AF-S NIKKOR 70-200mm f/2.8G ED VR II.

      Have good light and fun,

      • Homer

        Dear Holger,
        thank your for taking your time to answer my questions!!!!
        It seems good pictures demands good photographic gear too.
        At the end of this year I will purchase a FX camera.


        • Holger Wagner

          Hello Homer,

          I agree. But sometimes it’s hard to make a decision because of the short cycle times these days. I wish you a good choice.

          All the best,


  • Bob Vishneski

    Stunning pictures! Thanks for sharing this post.

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Bob,

      thank you and keep going your great work here.

      All the best,

  • Ryano Tandayu

    Holger, very nice pics. Congrats.

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Ryano,

      thanks and have fun and always good light.

      All the best,

  • Mrinal Bhattacharjee

    Pics are really great. Thanks for posting.

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Mrinal,

      thank you for your comment.

      Always good light and fun,

  • Pascal

    Very nice images indeed. Would like to hear from Holger what equipment he used in those shots (lenses and filters).

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Pascal,

      thank you for your comment.
      Please look above the other comments, where I described the equipment I used.

      All the best,

  • Richard Walliker

    Holger, thank you so much and a trip down memory lane for us as we watched your “Sea Eagles” video extract. We visited the Stappen Island reserve near Gjesvær in June 2010 and saw my first Sea Eagle outside Scotland, in fact dozens of them. The sea was carpeted in Puffins, Gannets and Cormorants were diving and the Sea Eagles were out hunting. It is true, after 3 trips to Norway and the Arctic is a wildlife pot of gold.

    Brilliant Images, great article and it made our day.


    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Richard,

      thank you so much for the kind words and your email as well. I guess you live in Scotland?
      A beautiful country to photograph. I’ve checked the galleries on your site and just have to say “great” Richard.

      Always good light and have fun,

      • Richard Walliker

        Thanks Holger, I try achieve good images with fairly low grade long lenses. I live in Wales, not Scotland, home to the Red Kites, but just as beautiful on a smaller scale.



        • Holger Wagner


          thanks for letting me know where you live. Indeed a great place as well!
          And in terms of lenses and equipment we should never forget that cameras don’t make pictures, people do.

          Thanks for your reply and have fun,


  • Dino Talampas

    Indeed true!…what a great photography skill.

    • Holger Wagner

      Thank you, Dino!

  • Antonio Biggio

    Thank you for the post.
    I’ve two question about it:
    1)what is for you the real advantage about 14 bit vs 12 bit?
    2) if it’s possible to share some tip of your post production.
    Best Regards
    Ps: sorry for my english

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Antonio,

      1) I’m not a technical expert but 14 bit offers some more information than 12 bit. More dynamic range. You will have more details in dark areas.
      I’m always about the maximum in quality. My Nikon DSLR gives me 14 bit, so there’s no question for me.
      2) Currently I start in Adobe Photoshop LR 4 in the Develop module with all my basic adjustments Exposure, White Balance, Shadows, Highlights depending on the image. In LR4 it’s great to use the Graduated Filter if it’s needed. It works really great.
      I crop in LR4 as well but only subtle because I prefer to “crop in camera” when I frame my shots. Than I finish in Photoshop with adjustment layers and finally sharpen for output. I use the Smart Sharpen command. For the Web try to start with an Amount of 200 and a Radius of 0,5.
      “Remove” is set to Gaussian Blur and “More Accurate” turned off

      Hope that helps.

      Always good light and have fun,


  • Sid

    Great photos Holger :) you really are a talented photographer! & a Big thank you for bringing Holger in Nasim :)

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Sid,

      many thanks for your kind comment. I like your closeups and the portrait of the young girl at the phone booth. Keep going your passion.

      Have fun with your photography.


      • Sid

        Glad you found time to look through my photos Holger :)

  • Vasan

    Just awesome photos…! It is good to see all these photos and to read your experiences. Great job, Holger! Thanks, Nasim for taking the effort to deliver more than what’s usual to your blog readers. Greatly appreciated! :)

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Vasan,

      thanks for your compliment. Im so excited about all of your comments here.

      Always good light and fun,


  • Tom Redd

    Holger, Thank you for the fine post and for sharing the images. I really enjoyed your website – lots to love there!

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Tom,

      thanks for taking a look on my sites.
      You bring it to the point. Photography is all about love. There is nothing to add.

      All the best Tom,

  • Anders

    Incredible images. Thanks a lot.

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Anders,

      thanks for your kind words.

      Always good light and fun,

  • Amar-Singh HSS

    Dear Holger

    Magnificent images and so glad Nasim go you to write a post here. Thanks for responding to queries (from others) about the equipment you use. I agree, for birds, that getting close to the subject is vital for good images. I am always touched when a bird in the wild will allow a close approach.


    • Richard Walliker

      ” I agree, for birds, that getting close to the subject is vital for good images.”

      Amar, I so agree with you and Holger and after too many months stretching my long lenses to the limit, I finally realised how important getting closer is!


  • Naresh

    Hello Holger Wagner !
    Stunning photographs , you have captured the birds too, very well.

    And though you are not a native English speaker, you can out-pass many, in your impeccable way.

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Naresh,

      thank you for your comment. Nice to hear that you like the images.
      The conversations here help to improve my english. But I never want to be perfect.
      Mistakes keep us all humanly. Even in photography. I just love what I do.

      All the best,


  • Madmax

    I am all Stunned seeing the pictures and no words to describe. All I can do is SMILE.

    An ART ! Thanks Holger and Nazim for inspiring us.

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Madmax,

      nice to read that so many people love the nature and wildlife on our planet.
      All the readers here have quite obviously a big heart. Makes me happy.
      Thanks for your kind words.

      Always good light and fun,


  • Adnan Khan

    Fabulous article and some really awesome shots!
    Thanks for sharing :)

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Adnan,

      thanks for the kind comment.
      Have fun with your photography and always good light!

      All the best,


  • Madhukumar V

    Dear Holger,

    Thanks for the excellent tips.
    Wow.. Awesome shots…
    Best regards,

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Madhukumar,

      nice if you like it and thanks for a comment here.
      I’m sure we all make great images in any kind, because we love it!

      Have fun with your photography,


  • Maarit

    Lovely pictures and nice stories behind them! I have never made actual trip only for photographing, but it totally seems to be worth it. I guess it’s inspiring to travel new places and find something truly different from those objects that you can find everyday from where you live. Thank you for sharing these pictures!

    • Holger Wagner

      Dear Maarit,

      thank you for the kind words in your comment. Besides great black and white images and a good eye it seems you have another passion? I love horses too as you can see here

      All the best and always fun,


  • Jorge Balarin

    Hi Holger !

    Thank you very much for your post and your photos. Could you give me some advice about the proper settings to shoot birds flying fast (aperture or shutter speed priority, type of focus, etc) ?

    Once I tried a new “Zeiss” polarizing filter and I had some problems, like some annoying dark lines across the sky in my photos (the lines where sometimes horizontal and sometimes curvy). Really that undesirable effect ruined some of my pics, specifically those without clouds in the sky; so now I’m afraid of polarizers and unfortunately, still today, nobody gave an explanation about what happened.

    Did you go to Peru ? Over there you have amazing landscapes and also wildlife. Best wishes, Jorge.

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Jorge,

      thank you for your comment and here is what I use for birds:

      – I always shoot in Aperture priority mode wide open (f/2.8, f/4) it depends on lens
      – Matrix Metering
      – Continuous focus tracking (AF-C on Nikon)
      – Autofocus on “Dynamic area AF” 21-point or 51-point
      – Shutter speed at least 1/1600s. (increase my ISO in low-light in order to get the speed)
      – Release Mode “Continuous high speed”
      – Using a sturdy tripod with a Wimberley Head mounted on is a great combination
      – To be honest, it also depends on your camera’s focus system. That’s why I like Nikon.

      Regarding your polarizing problems I fear that I can’t really help. I never used one.
      I only use UV-Filter to protect my lenses. Sorry.

      Peru has amazing landscapes , no question.
      As photographers we see the world different, isn’t it?
      Beauty is everywhere. We just have to look on it. Sometimes even in our backyard.

      Always good light and fun,


      • jorge Balarin

        Thank you very much for your answer Holger. I have one more question, Do you use teleconverters, and if not, why ? Best wishes, Jorge.

        • Holger Wagner

          Hello Jorge,

          thanks for your reply.
          I use the AF-S Teleconverter TC-14E II with my AF-S NIKKOR 500mm f/4G ED VR and with the AF-S NIKKOR 70-200mm f/2.8G ED VR II. It works great and costs just one f-stop.

          All the best,


  • Mike Paredes

    Thank you, Holger, for your kind advice. The Norweigian fish eagle is sublime and breathtaking! From the front angle, it is so huge and powerful-looking as to resemble a human! Love the shot! I am headed to Zimbabwe later this month to shoot wildlife there… hoping to see wild dogs and hundreds of elephant, among other glorious creatures, including birds. Any advice for large game that isnt moving fast? Want to get shots that are beyond the normal. Shooting with D700/ Nikon 300 mm f/4 with 1.4 TC for the far stuff and 50 mm f/1.8 for landscapes/portraits. Thanks again!

    Mike P
    Annapolis, Maryland, USA

    • Holger Wagner

      Hello Mike,

      thank you for the kind words about the images I posted here. I like your thoughts about the sea eagle! For your trip to Africa your choice sounds great. Try to get as close as possible if you can.
      Distance always counts. Get the close headshot with your “420 mm”. And as always in photography experiment with composition and angle. Maybe silhouettes with the elephants during sunset. Crop “in-camera” to keep as much from the image as possible.
      In addition I always use an “ultra” wide-angle to capture landscapes. I like dramatic skies before or after a thunderstorm. But I have no idea about the weather conditions at that time.
      I wish you a safe trip and much fun and send me a link to your images.

      Have good light there,

      • Jorge

        Hi Holger !

        Please could you explain me wich is the difference between the “crop in camera” and the crop in post-processing ? In my D700 I can crop my photo after I took it, but they offer me only one possibility to crop. A shorter frame is appearing, and I can move the frame to get the composition I want, but I can not change the zise of this extra frame. Greetings, Jorge.

        • Holger Wagner

          Hi Jorge,

          sorry for the misunderstanding. What I mean is, I always care about what’s in the frame before I release the shutter, composition-wise. I print on a large-format printer, so it’s essential not to crop too much in post processing.

          All the best,

    • Jorge

      Hi Mike,

      I was in Namibia some time ago. I went with my D700 and some lenses, but my longest combo was a 70-200 plus the 1.7 Nikon TC. I knew it would not be enough for wildlife but I didn’t have more. When you shoot wildlife in Africa any zoom is going to be short in many circumstances, so the best is to take the longest zoom you can. If you could rent something longer that what you have in mind it would be great. To use your combo on a D7000 (DX) is another alternative to get more reach. Greetings, Jorge.

  • Mike Paredes

    Thanks guys! I should have mentioned that I have shot African wildlife before, in Kenya, Namibia (incredible, right Jorge??) and last year, Mozambique and South Africa. You would be surprised at the shots you can get with so-so reach when the game “cooperates ” Up until now, I’ve been shooting with a plain old D40 and a Nikon 70-300 f/5.6! I’m excited to finally have an FX body with faster glass.

    I was primarily picking your brains for creative inspiration. I want to come back with art- not portraits of wildlife.

    Thanks again!

    • Jorge

      Yes Mike, Namibia is incredible. Unfortunately I was confined in a “hunting farm” with the guys that invited me , and it is not easy to make photoshooting when other people is shooting for real : )
      so, I did more landscape pics. Best wishes, Jorge.

  • Vasanth

    Hi Holger,

    What an amazing pictures… as i am a beginner in photography, ur work really inspires me a lot.. even I told my wife that a single photograph like the one in ur post would be my lifetime achievement.. Hope people can go along with the path of great photographers like you,

    big thanks to Nasim as well for providing this wonderful opportunity for knowledge sharing.



  • Holger Wagner

    Hello Vasanth,

    thank you for the kind words.
    What I could read between the lines is that you’re passionate.
    And believe me, that’s the first big requirement. It’s much less about the gear than about the photographer behind. With a big heart and much love we all can move mountains.
    I’m sure you’ll be happy with your photography. Never give up to practice, the good results will follow much earlier than you might think. Invest in very good lenses. Bodies however change each 2 years. At least to me it’s all about the glass, Vasanth.

    I wish you tons of good images and always good light,


  • Wally

    Your images are wonderful! I am fortunate to live on Florida’s Gulf coast and you are correct to say it’s easy to be overwhelmed, not only by beautiful landscapes, but by nature’s beauty everywhere you look! I only began photographing a few months ago and have a lot to learn. For giving me inspiration, I say – “Danke”!!

    (Nasim, thank YOU for providing me with so much help along the way and creating a forum where we can benefit from artists such as yourself and Holger!)

  • robynnlansyn

    These images are beautiful! You have great tips here for landscaping photography. I love all of it. I live in Ottawa and there isn’t much to capture, but maybe I should just try seeing it in a new way and utilize some of the things you guys suggest. Thanks so much!

  • W.Verbiest


    I’ve got a question. I’m planning a trip to california and visiting all the national parks to photograph wildlife and whales. I am also planning to buy a new camera and a lens from Nikon or Canon, because Pentax haven’t got that manydifferent lenses (I use a Pentax Km, the sigma 150-500mm and the sigma 50-200mm) and I want to go more professional. I already know wich camera I should buy if I go for one of these brands. If I go for Nikon, I would buy the d7100 and the canon would be the 70d. But I don’t know wich telelens to buy for one of these. Are the animals in the national parks far away or can you shoot them with landscape with a 200mm? Please help me?

    Here are some lenses I was thinking about:

    Nikkor AF-S 300mm F4.0 D IF-ED
    Nikkor AF-S 70-200mm F2.8 G IF-ED VR II Nano
    Canon EF 70-300mm F4.0-5.6 L IS USM
    Canon EF 400mm F5.6 L USM
    Canon EF 100-400mm F4.5-5.6 L IS USM
    Canon EF 300mm F4.0 L IS USM

    Thank you.


  • Kshitij Lawate

    Awesome images ….really inspirational….and needless to say this website is great!!! :)