Florida Birding Near Orlando

This article is about birding in Florida, where I will share my birding photography techniques and discuss some of the best birding spots in Central Florida, near Orlando. The below pictures are from my most recent trip to Orlando – the best bird images can be found in my Bird Gallery.

Florida Birding

NIKON D3S @ 300mm, ISO 3200, 1/250, f/8.0

Florida is a birder’s heaven. So many birds, so much variety, especially during migration periods. I try to visit Florida at least once a year and every time I go there, I visit certain spots that have become my favorite ones. Let’s go through those first.

1) Best birding spots near Orlando

If you are planning to visit Florida for birding, definitely check out the following locations:

  1. Gatorland – my #1 most favorite spot for birding. Although this is a primary attraction for seeing the Florida alligators, their Bird Rookery is simply amazing, allowing photographers to get extremely close to birds and their nests. You can find so many different species of birds here, from predators to all kinds of herons and egrets. You don’t even need a long lens to photograph birds here – my 300mm lens at times felt “too long” for photographing birds in flight. The only drawback for me is that you cannot come there before sunrise and stay at sunset, because they open late and close early. There is a photographer’s pass that you can get for extra $, which would allow you to come an hour earlier and stay an hour later, but it is only really useful for short winter days.
    Heron feeding chicks at Gatorland

    NIKON D3S @ 300mm, ISO 1400, 1/1600, f/7.1

  2. Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge – any birder will agree with me on this one – Merritt Island is a superb birding spot. The best drive is the Black Point Wildlife Drive, which is several miles long and allows you to photograph birds from your car without disturbing them. Lots of Ospreys here and if you just stand on the shore right by the entrance, you can photograph Ospreys catching and eating fish. But Black Point gets closed after heavy rains for several weeks, so you should first check if it is open or not. The second best drive is the Biolab Drive, which is just several miles away from the Black Point. It is also very long and you can catch plenty of great action there.
    Black-necked Stilt

    NIKON D3S @ 420mm, ISO 450, 1/1250, f/5.6

  3. St. Augustine Alligator Farm – the best spot for seeing Roseate Spoonbills. The bird rookery is as good as the one in Gatorland, but it is a little far from Orlando, so I still prefer Gatorland over the Alligator Farm. Lots of bird species here, you will not be disappointed!
    Roseate Spoonbill in Flight

    NIKON D3S @ 420mm, ISO 320, 1/1600, f/5.6

  4. Orlando Wetlands Park – you should check this place out on your way to Merritt Island. It has lots of bird species that you can photograph from a close distance, but you cannot drive through it, so be ready to hike. If you are there alone, I would recommend hiking in the first loop trail that is only a mile or so long. Other trails might not be very safe because of alligators. Either way, be careful when you are there and watch for alligators and venomous snakes on the trails.
    Florida Birding #9

    NIKON D3S @ 420mm, ISO 200, 1/1600, f/5.6

  5. Three Lakes Wildlife Management Area – this one is a gamble. I have been there several times so far and I have only been lucky once, when I photographed bald eagles and hawks from a relatively close distance. Other times it was a frustrating experience and I saw nothing but trees, bushes and maybe a few birds.
    Florida Birding #2

    NIKON D3S @ 420mm, ISO 1600, 1/640, f/5.6

  6. Joe Overstreet Road – near Kissemmee, supposed to be great for photographing all kinds of birds. I was not so lucky during my last trip and did not see much except cranes and cows on this road. Lots of Meadowlarks on the road, but I see too many of them here in Colorado, so I did not really care much about trying to capture them.
    Florida Birding #7

    NIKON D3S @ 420mm, ISO 200, 1/2000, f/8.0

  7. Walt Disney World and surrounding areas – if you are visiting Orlando with your family, definitely take your telephoto lens with you when you visit the park. You will see many different types of birds in ponds and lakes, as well as small birds perched on trees and bushes all over the place.
    Florida Birding #14

    NIKON D3S @ 300mm, ISO 360, 1/1600, f/4.0

The list of good birding locations near Orlando is much bigger than the above and I am sure there are better spots out there that I have not been to yet. If you know good birding locations, please drop a comment below and share :)

2) How to photograph birds

Although I have written a fairly detailed guide on how to photograph birds (which I highly recommend to check out), I wanted to share some other quick tips for successful birding in Florida:

  1. If you are planning to go to Gatorland or the Alligator Farm, leave your heavy super telephoto lenses (above 400mm) at home. I would recommend something like 70-200mm or 300mm lens with a 1.4x teleconverter, if you need the reach for some reason. Since you stand so close to the birds, it might not be practical to walk around with a really long and heavy lens. For Merritt Island and other locations, longer lenses would certainly be more useful.
  2. Instead of pointing your lens down on birds, try to get on the same level with them by sitting or even laying on the ground. Images with busy and ugly backgrounds are never pleasant to look at and keeping your lens on the same level as the bird will make the bokeh look smoother and more beautiful. This is not always practical though and you have to watch out for insects, snakes and alligators that might be all around you.
    Busy background

    NIKON D3S @ 420mm, ISO 450, 1/1250, f/5.6

    The above image of a Killdeer would have been much better, if I laid down on the ground – the background on the upper side of the image looks too busy.

  3. Get to your location before sunrise and photograph birds very early to get the best light. Do the same at sunset and try to get that beautiful yellow light on the birds, especially in flight (if you can). Harsh afternoon light is never good for birding. Cloudy days are also good for birding, but you will need to keep your shutter speed high without introducing too much noise, which can be a challenge. If you have a DX camera (cropped sensor), keep your ISO below 800 and if you are shooting FX, try to keep it under 1600 or 3200, depending on the sensor. At high ISO levels, feather details start getting lost, which is never good for bird photography.
    Heron at Sunrise

    NIKON D3S @ 420mm, ISO 640, 1/1250, f/5.6

  4. Use a tripod in challenging lighting situations for slow and perched birds that do not get too nervous when you approach them. For birds in flight, try to keep your shutter speed above 1/1000th of a second. I would recommend turning “Auto ISO” on with minimum shutter speed set to 1/1000th or higher and maximum ISO set to 800-3200.
  5. Get a Better Beamer with a good flash if you don’t have one – it certainly helps to eliminate dark shadows. You have to be careful when using flash for birding though, since you need to know when to use it and how to use it. Get familiar with high-speed sync, flash power and flash subject distance to get the best results. Too much flash can ruin your images too.
  6. Watch for still water and try to capture reflections. Some birds can sit in the same spot for a long time and the water around them gets very still, making a perfect “mirror” reflection.
    Florida Birding #4

    NIKON D3S @ 420mm, ISO 640, 1/1250, f/7.1

  7. When approaching birds, make sure that they are comfortable with your presence. In locations like Gatorland, birds generally don’t care about people, but in other places they might be too nervous. If a bird is not worried about you, it will act naturally and you might see some great action if you just wait and watch. If the bird is looking at you for an extended period of time and acts irritated as if it wants to fly away, you might be standing too close. Before making any further moves, try facing another direction and look away for a little bit – this might calm the bird down a little (especially predators). Some birds just don’t like it when you directly look at them.
    Florida Birding #5

    NIKON D3S @ 420mm, ISO 320, 1/1250, f/5.6

  8. If you are standing too close to a bird, you might want to increase your aperture to increase the depth of field. If your depth of field is too shallow, parts of the bird can appear “out of focus”. But be careful about increasing aperture too much, because it might negatively impact the bokeh.
    Florida Birding #16

    NIKON D3S @ 300mm, ISO 560, 1/1600, f/4.0

All of the above images were captured with Nikon D3s and Nikon 300mm f/4.0 AF-S lens + 1.4x TC.

This post was all ready to go and for some reason I somehow forgot to get it published before my last trip to Orlando. My schedule has been quite hectic, with several long trips during the last month and I have been trying to catch up with the website ever since. So please be patient and I will be posting a lot more great articles this week!


  1. June 29, 2010 at 2:21 am

    The first photo is simply magical — it looks as though the birds are floating in the sky somehow!

    • June 29, 2010 at 11:38 pm

      Thank you Mimi! I captured it right at sunset and tried to position the camera so that the clouds get a little visible in the image :)

  2. 2) pasquier
    June 29, 2010 at 6:52 am

    Hi Nasim

    Nice to see your photos – I really like the 1st one as well – magical. FL is indeed a birders paradise – I just wonder how the catastrophe in the Gulf is going to effect these areas.

    Best, P:)

    • June 29, 2010 at 11:40 pm

      Thank you Pasquier! Yes, the oil spill is already affecting the Florida Keys and I hope they can contain the spill before the hurricane season…so much wildlife has already been affected by it, pretty sad :(

  3. 3) Peng
    June 29, 2010 at 1:12 pm

    Great pictures Nasim! Love your work and always follow your blog.

    • June 29, 2010 at 11:41 pm

      Peng, thank you for your feedback, I truly appreciate it and certainly need it :)

  4. June 29, 2010 at 9:29 pm

    Отличные фото. А то я думаю, куда же в ы пропали:)

    • June 29, 2010 at 11:42 pm

      Спасибо Алексей! Теперь нужно остальные фотки обработать :) Я хочу еще пару видео файлов закачать, которые снял на D3s…

  5. June 30, 2010 at 3:45 am

    А я чего то с видео пока не очень разобрался. Все никак не сдам отчет. Еще недели две у меня будет дикий график. Насим, а в видеорежиме АФ не работает, надо по экрану визировать, как в 5-м марке (2-м)?
    Представляю сколько у вас гигов материала, думаю около 60-ти:)

    • July 3, 2010 at 10:20 pm

      Алексей, да видео лучше снимать на manual focus и смотреть на задний экран, так как если нажать на AF-ON, будет идти очень медленное фокусирование через contrast-detect (как в Live View).

      А гигов у меня много :) Только свадьбу сегодня на 32 гб сфоткали, так что можете представить :))) Уже места на 2 тб диске не хватает…

  6. 6) Amit
    July 3, 2010 at 10:57 am

    Your photographs are amazing.

    • July 3, 2010 at 10:21 pm

      Amit, thank you very much for your feedback! :)

  7. August 21, 2011 at 7:52 pm

    Thank you very much for the information, this really helped me while I was in Orlando.

    P.S. Your photos are very good indeed :)

    • August 24, 2011 at 10:23 pm

      You are most welcome Jack! Your bird images are outstanding, spent some time on your blog today :)

  8. 8) Pawel
    March 27, 2012 at 1:14 pm

    Dear Nasim,
    This is to thank you for your precious advice that helped a lot to find good birdsites near Orlando. I spent there last week, primarily for business, but I managed 2 days for personal program. Your guide (plus GPS) was a great help. I live in Poland, and mostly do birding (occassionally photo Fuji FinePx30) in Europe, so 90% of species have been new to me.
    However, with good birdsite directions from your website it made things easier. To update as for March 2012:
    Gatorland – exactly as you say – even with a good cell phone one can make a good photo day. Pileated Woodpecker in the marshes path was a highlite.
    Merritt Island – apart from the Black Point Drive, there is another one (the right turn, 100m after Headquarter turning) with plenty of Spoonbills , plovers, sandpipers and alike. Joe Overstreet full of ibisses with black skimmers near the lake coast.
    Three Lakes – interesting landscape for the European, but birdwise nearly empty – one white tailed kite. Orlando Wetlands was really great this day, quite a few gators on the road and to see a just few of 30+ species I saw over there in 3 hours pls paste:


    Thanks, Pawel

  9. April 19, 2012 at 2:51 am

    It is images like these that give me the motivation to try harder and not to give up in frustration. I have taken up photography as a serious hobby in my “later” years and the bug has bitten. My gear is commonly classified as “consumer to pro consumer” and the limitation at this point is my technical understanding and not equipment. I have a D3100, D200 and a D7000 with good lenses and am not getting the results I should be, give me another year…….

  10. October 28, 2012 at 3:33 pm

    Great information and images. If travelling from the UK when is the best time to visit for bird photography?

    Kind regards Roy

  11. January 23, 2013 at 1:19 pm

    Coming to Kissimmee form The UK in 3 weeks with same lens combo. Great info re Gatorland. Wish more visitors would appreciate this side of Florida! Thanks Nasim!

  12. 12) Helen
    March 21, 2013 at 6:03 am

    Your advise on shutter speed, ISO was great. I have always wondered how the pros do it and was always afraid of bumping the iso and the speed too far form common daily settings. I was too shy to try new things.

  13. March 21, 2013 at 3:57 pm

    N, Next time go to Lakeland to Circle B Bar Preserve. Lots of wetlands and birds at eye level. I guarantee you will want to spend a lot of time there and its close to Orlando.

  14. November 4, 2013 at 1:38 am

    What a great website and excellent advice! We’re planning a 10 day trip to photograph birds in Florida in January 2014, any tips on locations and sites for that time of year would be much appreciated, best wishes, Richard

  15. 15) Birdson
    January 5, 2014 at 3:31 pm

    sweet pictures. i am going to Orlando in march 2014 and hope to find some new birds since i live in Manitoba. i hope to check out some of these mentioned hotspots. i am only 12 and i love birding. :)

  16. 16) Dilshan Mahdi Hussainmiya
    July 9, 2014 at 7:12 pm

    Superb images Nasim and love the beautiful lighting you have captured along with the action! I am planning to visit Orlando (with family) in Mid December for 2 weeks this year and was really inspired by your article and will definitely check out some of your recommended birding sights. Unfortunately it seems the Orlando Wetlands park is closed till February so will have to omit that. I will be flying in from SE Asia so will have to maximize my chances while over there to squeeze in as much birding time as I can! Do you have any experience with the Everglades as a birding destination or should I just explore Orlando due to time constraints? I am currently shooting with a D4 and Sigma 50-500 Os. The other thing is a question about reach- am I going to come up short with the 50-500 mm? My primary interest will be the larger wading birds like Roseates S Bills, Pelicans and Herons. I would appreciate your advice.

  17. 17) Rock_Doc
    March 21, 2015 at 6:50 pm

    Wonderful article and very useful. I have just got back from Florida and I felt compelled to comment. I had a few days spare in mid March and found this information invaluable. I checked out the first 2 recommendations and I was not disappointed.

    Gatorland was perfect. It almost felt like I was cheating it was so easy to get great shots. There was even an Osprey fishing in the front pond. I should point out that as of 2015 Gatorland now does special early entry for photographers and allows them in at 7:30am while they setup for the day. They do this for Thursday Friday and Saturday. On Saturdays they also allow photographers to stay later to catch the dusk action.

    The Black point drive was amazing. The first parking area had so much going on all the time. So wonderful to see the birds so close in their natural environment. I highly recommend taking your time on the drive.

    I didn’t have so much luck on the Biolab drive but that was probably more to do with the time of day. But a still came away with some great shots.

    Thanks again, it was a huge help. Now I have a lot of work to process all the photos and post them on Flickr

    Andy Adams (Rock_Doc)

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