As with many photographers, being able to manipulate natural light is essential for the images I produce. Whether I’m close to home, walking through the Parisian boulevards, or exploring entirely new places, my favorite activity is chasing and framing the ‘perfect’ light. My obsession with light goes back to my very first interaction with photography as a student of Art History in Granada. I spent hours looking at images – not only photographs but also building plans, façades, engravings and, especially, paintings. I became fascinated by the power of a static image – not just in its ability to tell a story, but in how light can be used within it to convey a message or feeling.
For me, photography is an opportunity to explore this. Like literature, photography is a means of telling a story – not through words, but with lights, shadows and shapes. To take a photo is to write using light, and I believe natural light is the most organic way to communicate to others.
And so, below, you can find my top five tips for photographing natural light.
1) Plan Carefully to Predict Lighting Conditions
The understanding and continual observation of light is essential to making good use of it. Natural light changes throughout the day and, depending on the type of light you are working with, will deliver radically different results.
Today there are many mobile apps that provide us with detailed information about the path of the sun, its orientation, height etc. I usually use Photopills to plan my movements, but there are many others. These will help you anticipate the position of the sun, to give you the best chance of being in the right place at the right time to capture the type of light you want – whether it’s the ‘golden’ or ‘blue’ hours, or something else entirely.
2) Understand How the Sun Can Affect Your Image
I often take ‘backlit’ photographs, where the camera is pointed directly at the sun. It is often, however, better to partially hide the sun behind an element such as the ledge of a building. This allows you to capture direct ‘frontal’ light without burning parts of the image or creating unwanted reflections.
It is essential to discover the right balance between blocking the sun to reduce flare and leaving enough of it exposed to create a strong burst. Therefore, don’t hesitate to move constantly, looking for appropriate angles and positions. Find a camera that allows you to move easily, ideally one with a tiltable monitor to test different positions.
Also, when shooting into the sun you can create a fascinating and striking ‘starburst’ effect where you manipulate a light source to create a star effect, with beams radiating around one specific point. The quality and characteristics of the starburst depend on the type of lens you use, specifically the number and shape of the aperture blades. I like the 18-spike stars produced by 9-blade lenses, like the AF-S NIKKOR 14-24mm f/2.8G ED.
3) Use Light to ‘Write’ Your Image
Using natural light effectively can make any subject interesting; transforming an uninspiring space into something beautiful. For example, in my collaboration with Nikon on the on the “Elevate the Everyday” project, I accepted the challenge to take inspirational photos of an apparently uninspiring setting by using light in a clever way. The setting was a car park and I spent entire days in the parking lot, studying how light modified the spaces inside.
Don’t be afraid to experiment with exposure settings when finding your personal ‘style’ of lighting. Photography is a creative process. I personally under-expose certain pictures to emphasise the subtlety of the light. I use the manual mode and put the exposure compensation button three steps down. The camera might not know what you want or need, but you do. You know which part of the photograph you want to expose correctly.
4) Don’t Underestimate the Importance of Shadows
A hard, strong, natural light also produces powerful shadows. As Tanizaki rightly states in “The Praise of Shadows”, his classic essay on aesthetics; shadows contain an extraordinarily rich universe with a great suggestive power, full of shades, mystery and contrasts.
The use of shadows allows you to play with ‘negative space’ – the space around and between the subject of your image that defines it – something that requires a great capacity for observation, and a great deal of patience. You must choose the right place and wait for something to happen.
If you lose some detail of the shadowed area, the modern DSLR camera should allow you to recover this – providing you’ve shot in RAW (something that I always recommend).
5) Be Patient and Seize the Right Moment
Natural light changes constantly and you will often come across unexpected situations. For example, rays of sunlight may find an ‘exit’ through a small hole in cloud cover during an overcast day, which will suddenly look dramatic. To capture these moments, it is necessary to not only observe the sky with attention, but also have patience and wait for the right moment. Equally you need to be prepared for the magic moment, which doesn’t usually last longer than a couple of minutes.
As a street photographer, I also need to be fast – really fast. I need to balance moving subjects against the constantly changing light. I prefer to work with a fixed lens, because this allows me to be familiar with the focal distance and anticipate the framing in my mind before seeing it in the camera. Specifically, I use the AF-S NIKKOR 35mm f1.4G. Setting the aperture at f/1.4 or f/1.8 allows you to isolate your subject and get a fantastic “bokeh” effect that compliments the surrounding light of the moment.