You are excited about your upcoming photo tour and have narrowed down the equipment you want to take with you. But what should you do next? How can you load the odds in your favor so that you come home with winning images? In Part I of this series I talked about how to choose and pack for your photography tour. In Part II, I would like to suggest some ideas for pre-tour preparation and on-tour tips. These suggestions will help you come home with photos worthy of a place on your wall.
1) Things to do Before You Leave
Firstly, know your equipment! Do not bring a new camera on an African Safari if you are not intimately familiar with all its features! Make sure you can quickly change ISO, focusing modes, metering settings and compensation without having to look through your instruction book, or fumble through menus on the back of your camera.
I consider myself fluent using my Nikon D800; however, on our trip to the Galapagos two years ago I decided to shoot some video. Although I am very competent on the still photography side. I can change settings on the fly without lowering my camera from my eye. I dropped the ball on the video side. I wasn’t even sure how to start recording a video! I wasted precious time fumbling through various settings, missing opportunities. In addition, I did not realize that autofocus is next to useless for video on my camera, and that manual focus would produce much better clips. I did get some video clips on that trip, but most are out of focus and very jumpy.
Here is a clip of some very bad video! I am posting it here so that others can learn from my mistakes! The only positive thing I can say about this clip is that it evokes different memories than my still shots do. And, it reinforces that I need to practice!
Knowing your equipment also means holding a dress rehearsal, especially if you will be using something new, or a piece of equipment you haven’t used in a while. If you have never used a quick release plate on your tripod, practice taking your camera on and off. If you have never changed a lens outside with no place to put your gear down, practice in your living room. Any scenario you are not fluent with, practice before you leave.
If you read Part I of this article, you will know that I used an EWA Marine Bag to shoot underwater images with my DSLR on our Galapagos trip. This was a new piece of equipment for me. Before we left I practiced taking my camera in and out of the bag. I tested the enclosure in the sink! I did not want to find that it leaked during my first time snorkelling in salt water! I took my camera to the local pool and tested it there. I learned before I left what lens settings worked best and how to change them underwater. More importantly, I learned that I needed to change some settings on my camera before sealing it in the bag. I had to remove back-button focusing and return focus to the shutter release, and I preset my ISO to 400. I learned a valuable lesson about floatation. Unlike a professional housing, the EWA Marine Bag is very buoyant! Without my dress rehearsal at the pool, I would not have figured out how to get around this. Practice, practice, practice! I can’t stress this enough!
1.2) Camera Manuals
Another thing you should do pre-tour is download PDF versions of all your instruction manuals onto your cell phone. You never know when you will need them. These will be much easier to carry around than the paper copies. And PDF files are searchable, so you will be able to find answers to your queries faster than thumbing through a traditional book.
1.3) Clean Your Gear
Thirdly, make sure you have thoroughly cleaned and checked over all your equipment. When you are cleaning your lenses, don’t forget to dust off lens caps too. They have a habit of collecting lots of dust and grit from your pockets, which can be transferred back to a clean lens. Clean your sensor as well. If you are not comfortable doing this yourself (a Sensor Gel Stick makes cleaning your own sensor easy and safe), take your camera into a reputable dealer and get them to do it for you.
1.4) Shot List
Another bit of homework to do before you leave is to search the Internet for photographs from the area you are visiting. Make notes on photos that inspire you. What vantage point was the photo taken from, what type of lighting do the photos use, what are the subjects, and compositions? Create a target list of photos that you would like to capture during your trip. The purpose of this is not to duplicate images you’ve seen, but rather give you inspiration for your own photos. Check this list regularly during your tour.
With the above being said, don’t hold yourself to just your shot list. Be prepared to improvise. I was very excited about a tour we took this past October to New Hampshire. I had always wanted to visit the Northeastern U.S. during the fall. I had a shot list of images I wanted to capture. However, this past year the weather was unusually warm. Consequently, the leaves were not at their prime during our tour. Instead of feeling disappointed, I turned my attention to smaller intimate details instead of sweeping vistas of red and yellow. As a result, I came home with images I was more than happy with.
2) On Your Tour
2.1) Preset Your Camera
Before you head out each day, try to anticipate what types of subjects you will encounter. Preset your camera settings so you are ready for your subject. Is your ISO high enough for the available light? Do you need a fast shutter speed or a large depth of field? What type of focus mode would be best, spot or evaluative? Continuous focus or single shot, which would be the most appropriate? How is your white balance set? This is especially important if you are shooting jpegs. Again, be flexible, and be prepared to change settings as conditions or subjects change. This type of preparation can be the difference between capturing that bald eagle as it dives for a fish, or catching the light of a storm just as a rainbow appears.
On a birding trip I took while living in Texas, we noticed a pair of white-tailed kites out the window as we were driving between shoot locations. We pulled over and jumped out of the van to take some shots. As we did, the male kite dove down and caught a mouse. Then, while in flight, he passed it off to the female as a courting gift. The only thing I had time to do when I stepped out of the van was lift the camera up to my eye and start shooting. Luckily I had continuous focus, nine point tracking, and a high enough ISO to get a fast shutter speed preset on my camera! You just can’t count on luck to be in the right place at the right time. It is also takes some planning!
2.2) Using High ISO
Don’t be afraid to jack up your ISO to get a shot. At some locations you will not be allowed to use a flash or a tripod. Remember that today’s DSLR’s have very good high ISO capability when shooting in low light. Know the limits of your camera’s ISO though, and what level of noise you are willing to tolerate ahead of time. For me, I would rather capture a noisy shot taken at a high ISO than a blurry shot taken at too low a shutter speed. Or worse, miss the shot completely. As well, noise can often be mitigated using post-processing software (see John Sherman’s excellent article “How to Avoid and Mitigate Noise”). In this shot we were deep in the jungle with very little light. I’m glad I was able to capture this little marmoset monkey, even if the shot is exceedingly grainy!
2.3) Be Flexible
Be prepared to make the best of bad situations, think outside the box. Shoot close-ups, textures and patterns when your main subjects are not cooperating. Remember that powerful black and white images can be made when the light is harsh. The contrasty shadows during midday lend themselves well to black and white images.
On our Galapagos tour, we were returning to our boat from a land excursion one evening. We were traveling on zodiacs just as the sun was setting. Our cruise boat made a wonderful subject bathed in the warm light. Everyone was trying to get a shot of the boat. However, with our long wildlife lenses, and close proximity to the ship, it was not possible to get the entire ship in the frame. Many of the photographers gave up! This is when you need to think outside the box. Go for details! I zoomed my Nikon 80-400 mm lens to 150mm, and was able to isolate the bow and anchor of our boat. The moral of the story is: be flexible! Take advantage of opportunities as they arise.
Don’t forget about good workflow habits while you are on your tour. At the end of each day download your images to your computer. Once this is done, make a second copy to an external backup drive. Once you are convinced that both sets of copies have been successfully saved, return your memory cards to your camera and format them. Formatting your memory cards in your camera will reset them to their factory settings. This adds the directory structure needed by your camera and image processor, and completely removes all the previous data. Simply erasing files or formatting the card from your computer does not reset this structure and can leave residue from old data. Although the odds are low, not formatting your memory cards in your camera may result in a corrupt card or the loss of photographs. You only have to have this happen to you once to recognize that it is worth taking 15 seconds to format your card in your camera. And yes, I am speaking from experience! I lost all the images from an SD card on a trip to England a dozen years ago! Since that incident, I always format my memory cards in my camera every time I replace them. I have not run into any issues of corrupt files or lost photos since.
Make sure that you take care of your equipment on the tour. Wipe down your gear each night and clean your lenses. This is especially important if you have been near salt water. It is also a good idea to empty your camera bag and brush out any sand and grit that may have made its way inside while you were out shooting.
2.5) Include People
Make sure that you include people in some of your shots. I am not a portrait photographer. I gravitate towards images of architecture, wildlife and landscapes. While I’m on a tour I have to make a conscious effort to include people in my shots. Incorporating people adds a sense of scale and proximity that would otherwise be missing.
2.6) Shoot Video
Remember to take some short videos along with your stills. But note what I said above about practicing before hand! Short five to 15 second clips can be interspersed with still shots to add variation to a slide show. I have also found that video elicits different memories than stills do when I look back on my images post trip.
Here is a very short clip shot with a GoPro by my husband. The video does not have to be an academy award winner. You just want to capture moments that have special meaning to you, that stills alone can’t record.
2.7) Shoot Moments
Not all your shots have to be “National Geographic” type captures. Document the trip as well with pictures of meals, getting ready to go on excursions, photos of your hotels. These are the shots that bring back the most intense emotions and feelings of the tour once you are home and reflecting on your trip.
2.8) Enjoy the Experience
I can’t stress this last point enough, get out from behind your camera every once in a while! On a tour, especially to a distant location, there is so much to see. Slow down and enjoy it. This may be a once in a lifetime experience. Participate in rituals, touch and feel things, talk to locals, take in customs. Sometimes it is best just to breathe it all in! Make a conscious effort to do this every day. When you look at your photos years after your trip, they will trigger incredible memories.
Photo tours are not only educational; they are designed around getting you to the best locations in the best light. A good leader knows the tour area. He/she can guide you to all the best spots, taking the guessing game out of finding photographic locations on your own.
Do your research, pack appropriately, do a little pre-tour planning and you will have an incredible opportunity to bring home images that far exceed vacation snapshots!
In conclusion, when you get home, get your photos off your computer! Print some to hang on your wall. Or make a book. There are loads of easy programs and websites that will allow you to print a beautiful coffee table book of your adventure. Creating a slideshow is also a wonderful idea. What ever you do, look at them and enjoy the memories you made.